Planting Instructions

We DO NOT recommend the removal of the wire basket from B&B plants. The wire basket functions as the support for the root ball and is important to transplant success and longevity. Research suggests roots from B&B plants will grow around and through the wire basket with no detrimental effects after many years in the same site. The potential for damage to the plant and the fragile root ball by removing the basket far outweighs any possible advantage that may be gained.

For best results, we recommend planting during the plant's dormancy stage either in fall after leaf drop (mid September to late October), or in spring before the buds break (late March to mid May). Though riskier, it is possible to plant in summer with proper care and sufficient watering.

The tree must be planted at the same level it was previously planted. Identify the "root collar" or "root flare" (see diagram). This must be planted level with the soil surface. Your planting hole should be no deeper than the height of the root ball and up to three times the width of the root ball diameter. This will provide a large area of loose, cultivated soil for the new roots to establish in. Be sure that the bottom of the hole is firmly packed to prevent the root ball from settling too deep.

Before planting, water the root ball well.

Place plant in the hole, making sure it is straight. Backfill the hole 1/3 full, then tamp gently, but firmly. Continue filling the hole in layers, gently tamping each layer until the hole is 2/3 full. Moisten the soil to allow the root ball to settle, then backfill completely and tamp lightly. Water well and allow to settle. Fill any settling with mulch or other desired topdressing. Mulching will provide water retention and prevent weeds.

Remove burlap and twine from around the plant crown only AFTER the plant has completely settled in the planting hole. Optionally, wire basket hoops can be bent back and buried, or clipped about 10 cm below the soil surface.

If staking is required, place stakes in the ground on either side of the root ball, deep enough so that they will not move with the wind. DO NOT place stakes directly through the root ball. Tie with flexible materials in a way that allows for some movement of the tree by wind. Check ties frequently throughout the growing season, making sure the ties do not become too tight and girdle the tree. Re-tie if necessary.

Reguler watering during the first few months after transplanting will be vital to the establishment of the plant in the landscape. Fertilization during the first season after transplanting is not normally required.